Stimulants both prescribed and street drugs are highly abused drugs as well as addictive which is why they are on the class II list.
Prescription drugs (Adderall and Dexedrine), Methylphenidates ( Concerta and Ritalin), diet aids (Didrex, Bontril, Preludin, Fastin, Adipex P, Ionomin, and Meridia), and illicitly produced drugs (methamphetamine, Cocaine, Ecstasy, and Methcathinone) all are easy to become addicted to.
Prescriptions drugs like Adderall and Ritalin are generally prescribed for ADD and ADHD are prescribed to help with attention and focus for kids who can’t pay attention in school. People who have high-stress jobs that need to pay attention to detail also have been prescribed these medications.
When it comes to diet aid these drugs are usually only prescribed for people who are morbidly obese and cannot lose weight any other way. The doctor strictly monitors these patients.
Then with the illicit stimulants such as cocaine, methamphetamine, and methcathinone are also highly addictive.
The one thing all these have in common is they intensify the activity of the brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine. Dopamine is concerned with the support of gratifying actions. Norepinephrine affects blood vessels, blood pressure and heart rate, blood sugar, and breathing.
Short term effects are:
- boosted blood pressure and heart rate
- amplified breathing
- lower blood flow
- increased blood sugar
- unrestricted breathing passages
Note that excessive misuse of prescription and illicit stimulates can cause psychosis, anger, or paranoia.
Symptoms of stimulant overdose
When a person overdoses on stimulants they may experience any of the following:
- overactive reflexes
- rapid breathing
- panic states
- abnormally increased fever
- muscle pains
- heart issues, including an irregular heartbeat leading to a heart attack
- nerve issues that can lead to a seizure
- unusually high or low blood pressure
Other issues they may experience are:
- stomach cramps
- fatal poisoning
Due to the ability to misuse prescription stimulants doctors should pay close attention to the patient for signs or symptoms of misuse of their medication. For kids, you should speak to the doctor about cutting back or stopping the use of Ritalin or Adderall for the summer when they do not have to worry about falling behind on school work and then restarting at the start of school.
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